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The new Code of Practice January 2015 states that there are four main areas which cover Special Educational Needs. These areas and their meanings are as follows:
Area of Special Educational Need
Relating to difficulties with:
Communication and Interaction
Children may have a delay or disorder in one or more of the following areas:
Attention / Interaction skills: May have difficulties ignoring distractions. Need reminders to keep attention. May need regular prompts to stay on task. May need individualised motivation in order to complete tasks. Difficulty attending in whole class. Interaction will not always be appropriate. May have peer relationship difficulties. May not be able to initiate or maintain a conversation.
Understanding / Receptive Language: May need visual support to understand or process spoken language. May need augmented communication systems. Frequent misunderstandings. Repetition of language and some basic language needs to be used to aid their understanding.
Speech / Expressive Language: May use simplified language and limited vocabulary. Ideas / conversations may be difficult to follow, with the need to request frequent clarification. Some immaturities in the speech sound system. Grammar / phonological awareness still fairly poor and therefore their literacy can be affected.
Cognition and Learning
May have difficulties with the skills needed for effective learning such as use of:
Language, memory and reasoning skills
Sequencing and organisational skills
An understanding of number
Problem-solving and concept development skills
Fine and gross motor skills
Independent learning skills
Children may have a specific learning disability such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia or dysgraphia.
Social, Mental and Emotional Health
May have difficulties with social and emotional development which may lead to or stem from:
Attention difficulties (ADHD)
Anxiety and depression
Low self esteem
Issues with self-image
Sensory and / or Physical
These pupils may have a medical or genetic condition that could lead to difficulties with:
Specific medical conditions
Gross / fine motor skills
Visual / hearing impairment
Accessing the curriculum without adaptation
The Victory Primary School
023 9200 1160
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Recognising every achievement and widening their horizons
Laying the foundations for later success in life
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